What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent diseases of man. One half of people over the age of 30 has some form of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. It begins when bacterial plaque, a colorless sticky film that consistently forms on the teeth causes the gums to become inflamed. If left untreated bone and tooth loss can occur. If plaque is not removed it forms a calcified material called calculus or tartar.
The main culprit is plaque so without proper home care and regular dental visits your risk increases. Even good oral hygiene is enough to ward off periodontal disease in everyone. Other risk factors include tobacco use, medications, diabetes, stress, general health conditions such as metabolic disorders, hormonal changes, poor nutrition and genetics.